Fennel sharbat with cardamom

Sharbat /sherbet is a popular and common sweet and non-alcohol drink in Iran, India, Turkey, Afghnestan and Arab countries. Sharbat is served cold and chilled . In the 12th century a Persian book describes different kinds of sharbats in Iran which made with fruits, flowers and seeds includes: lemon, pomegranate, cherry, mint, fennel seeds, saffron, rose, jasmine, rose water…..


Also several syrups are listed in the 11th century book ‘Canon of Medicine’ by Persian polymath Avicenna also known Ibn Sina who was a physician, astronomer, writer and thinker. He has been described as the father of early modern medicine. .Sharbat serves during the heatwave and may be flavoured with honey, sugar and spices.

Fennel seeds are called ‘ Daneh Razianeh’ in Farsi.  Fennel is good for regulate blood pressure, digestion, help purify blood and …..



  • ½ cup fennel seeds
  • ½ cup water to to soak spices
  • 1 cup water
  • 20 cardamom pods
  • 2 cups sugar
  • 1 lemon juice
  • Rose water

How to make it?

Soak the fennel seeds and cardamom pods in a bowl with ½ cup water in the fridge overnight. It will cause spices release their flavour. Once they are soaked, grind them with their soaking water and ½ cup  of water in a food processor.

Strain the water with help of a butter muslin cloth in a bowl and squeeze it..

Now add remaining ½ cup of water and sugar to the mixture and mix well. Pour it into a pot, bring to simmer on medium heat for 10 minutes until the syrup thickens and turn off the heat.

Sharbat is ready, allow to chill.

For serving time, in a glass with 1 cup water, add 2 tbsp of syrup, 1-2 ice cubes, ½ tsp rose water and drops of lemon juice. This sharbat is refreshing and very tasty during a Summer day.

This sharbat syrup can last for several months in the fridge. Nosh-e jaan



Fennel sharbat with cardamom


  • ½ cup fennel seeds
  • ½ cup water to to soak spices
  • 1 cup water
  • 20 cardamom pods
  • 2 cups sugar
  • 1 lemon juice
  • Rose water

How to make it?

Soak the fennel seeds and cardamom pods in a bowl with ½ cup water in the fridge overnight. It will cause spices release their flavour. Once they are soaked, grind them with their soaking water and ½ cup water of water in a food processor. Strain the water with help of a butter muslin cloth in a bowl and squeeze it..

Now add remaining ½ cup of water and sugar to the mixture and mix well. Pour it into a pot, bring to simmer on medium heat for 10 minutes until the syrup thickens and turn off the heat. Sharbat is ready, allow to chill.

For serving time, in a glass with 1 cup water, add 2 tbsp of syrup, 1-2 ice cubes, ½ tsp rose water and drops of lemon juice. 

Raisins-Pistachio Baklava

For making this baklava no need to special technique. Super easy and quick will be ready.



  • Filo pastry
  • Butter
  • 4 tbsp chopped pistachio
  • 4 tbsp raisins
    Ingredients for syrup
  • 1 cup sugar
  • 1 cup water
  • 1 tsp Orange blossom or rose water
  • ½ lemon or lime juice


Preheat the oven to 180C.
Brush the small size muffin tin with melted butter and set aside.
Brush 5 layers of filo dough with melted butter.

Using a cutter, and cut it into circle shape. Place them in the tin. Fill them halfway with chopped pistachio and raisins. Bake them for 15 minutes.

Meanwhile, prepare sugar syrup: In a pot with 1 cup water and 1 cup sugar, add lemon juice and orange blossom and bring it to a boil, then  Simmer for 10 minutes.
Once baklava is ready, pure 1tbsp of syrup on hot baklava. Let it set and serve it .






Kataifi dessert

This is one of the most delicious desserts. It’s made with Kataifi dough that is filled with different ingredients such as pistachio, walnuts, mascarpone cheese or cream and soaked in honey-sugar syrup.It’s surprisingly easy to make. Just fill it, roll it up and bake it 🙂





400g kataifi philo

250g melted butter


Ingredients for filling

2 ½ cups chopped pistachio or walnuts

2tbsp sugar

¼ tsp cardamom

¼ tsp clove powder

½ tsp cinnamon powder


Ingredients for syrup

1 cup water

¾ cup sugar

1/3 cup honey-sugar

1tbsp lemon juice

1 ½ tbsp orange blossom or rose water




Preheat the oven to 180C degree.

Mix all ingredients for filling together and set aside.

For Syrup, bring to a boil the water, add all ingredients except orange blossom. Reduce the heat and let to simmer for 10 minutes. Then add orange blossom or rose water and cook for 2 minutes more.

Remove from the heat and set aside.

Defrost kataifi dough by leaving it in the room temperature.

Take some of philo and spread out. Place of filling on the philo and roll it up. Place it in the baking tray.

Or butter inside the cup cakes. T ake some of kataifi philo and place inside the cup cake mould. Fill it with nuts, and cover the nuts with some more philo ( as you see in the photos).

Pour melted butter on top of rolled kataifi and place the baking tray in the oven, bake for 30-40 minutes or until golden brown.

Remove from the oven and pour cold syrup over hot kataifi. Spread some nuts top of the kataifi.

Allow to set for an hour and serve it.



Home made rock candy

In Iran we serve tea with sugars cubes (Qand ) as we say in Farsi , or with rock candy ( Nabaat). They are in different colours , flavor and size.

So I decided to make them at home. However I thought it would be difficult or impossible but on the contrary, it was lots of fun and result as you see is gorgeous. I adore my rock candies, they are so cute , colourful and just beautiful. Just you need to be patient



1 cup water

3 cups sugar

wooden sticks or string



food colouring

food flavouring



Add a cup of water to a big pot. Start to add a cup of sugar, stir it until dissolve. Then add other cup of sugar and keep stirring until dissolve. Finally add last cup of sugar and stir it until dissolve. Now, turn on the heat and bring to boil the sugar syrup. Then remove it from the heat and let it to cool down.

Now we prepare wooden sticks or string. These sticks and strings are where the sugar will crystallised on. Dipping sticks or string into the syrup and roll it into the sugar. Let them dry entirely.


Add food colouring to the jars ( and if you want you can add some food flavouring too) I added rose water to one of jars and mint flavour to the other one.

Now, pour sugar syrup into the jars, and give them stir. Now slowly insert wooden stick into the jar. Do not let wooden stick touch the bottom or sides of the jar. For better result is better to use two clothespians to keep sticks in the place.


Let they sit for about 7 to 14 days because they need time for growing new crystals and do not move them. (The length of time for crystallise is vary, and might be in 3 days or in 14 days so keep monitoring crystals until you are satisfied with the shape and size of rock candy.).After growing crystals take them off but if surface of jars are hard break them with a knife.

Let them dry and voila you have gorgeous rock candies. Sometimes all rock candies do not grow up in same size, some grow more than others.





Baslogh is a Persian walnut pastry, a soft starch made with corn starch, zafaran (Saffron), rose water and topped with walnuts. In my childhood we used to get long baslogh with kite string in layers about 30-60 cm and we children wore it like a necklace, bite and eat it 🙂 it was very fun to have a necklace that you can eat 🙂




1 cup corn starch

2 cups sugar

3 cups water

½ cup rose water or Golaab

1 tbsp unsalted butter


Shredded coconut or plain flour



In a bowl mix corn starch with water. Stir until corn starch dissolved. Then add sugar and mix until sugar also dissolved.


Pour the mixture in a pot on medium to low heat and stirring non stop for about 15-25 minutes until the mixture becomes thick.

Remove from the heat, add butter and rose water. Continue stirring until butter melted and the mixture shape like soft dough.

Let it slightly cool.

For the centre of baslogh you might use walnuts or plain colourful baslogh pastry by adding drops of food colouring or saffron water to the pastry ( as you see in the photos)


There are different ways to give shape to baslogh: might be used of mould or just give shape by hand.

So, on a piece of cling film, sprinkle shredded coconut powder or plain flour, put some of pastry, line with walnuts and put a piece of string in the middle and top with other layer of pastry. Wrap the cling film and Gently squeeze it with your hand.



Other way for preparing baslogh is: take 1tbsp of pastry and drop it into a plate with shredded coconut powder or plain flour . Put small piece of coloured pastry. Shape the mixture into balls. Coat all sides with flour or coconut powder.

Place it in the refrigerate for an hour. Then remove the cling film and cut baslogh into small pieces.


Persian Dried Rose Petals Jam (Morabay-e Gol-e Sorkh)

National flowers of Iran are: Rose- Tulip- Mediterranean Cypress and Louts. Among them, rose flowers are most popular and loving between Iranian and have such an especial place.
Rose water which is called ‘ Golab’ In Farsi ( Persian) language, is a flavour water made by steeping beautiful rose petals in water and during a long process, rose water produce.
In Iran, rose water and rose petals is used to flavour food, sweeties, and is also used in cosmetic industry (as a source of perfume or cream and lotions), and in medical issues.
Rose water has ceremonial functions as well.

With rose petals can make wonderful jam or tea which is luxurious.
Using Rose water and drinking of delicious herbal rose petal tea has variety of physical health. It can help immune system boost, benefit for skin and hair, improve digestion, can help calm stress.
The flavour of roses is distinct and immediately recognizable, and it looks as wonderful as it tastes.
Rose petals jam is one of traditional jams between Azerbaijani people. This jam might be made with fresh rose petals or dried ones. In Azerbaijani language rose flower calls ‘ Gezil gul’ . Rose petals jam usually is made in mountains areas of Azerbaijan.
This recipe for making a delicious jam is with dried rose petals.



  • 2.1/2 cups water
  • 1 cup dried rose petals
  • 2 cups sugar
  • 2Tbsp lemon/lime juice
  • 2Tbsp chopped walnuts

In a dry pan, roast dried rose petals for 2 minutes, stir constantly until get crunch. Set aside. Place the water in a sauce pan. Bring the water to a boil. Pour 1 cup of boiled water over the roasted rose petals.


Cover it with a lid and let to rest and become soft for 1 hour.

Stir sugar in the remaining of boiled water and bring it to a boil again. In this step, add freshly squeezed lemon juice, simmer until syrup become thick and reduce to half.


Then, add rose petals to the syrup and continue to simmer for 5 minutes.


Turn the heat off. Place a kitchen towel over the lid of the pot and let steam on it’s own and cool off. The towel will catch the moisture.Add chopped walnuts to the cool rose jam. You can add pinch of cardamom as well (it’s optional).


This tasty jam with silky texture and chopped walnuts in, has a unique flavour. Might be used for garnishing ice cream, cake, Persian rice flour pudding (Fereni) or spread on bread with butter or clotted cream and a cuppa tea. Soooooooo good.


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Jalebi ( Persian Zulbia )

Zulbia is a kind of deep fried pastry with saffron sugar syrup. It’s a fantastic and super tasty sweet. Zulbia has a crunchy, crispy texture. It is popular sweet in Iran, some African countries such as Algeria, Tunisia , Lybia, in Middle East countries and also in some of Asian countries. Zulbia has been mentioned in cooking book from 10th century.


Zulbia is called in different ways: Zulbieh, Jalebi, Zelabia. It’s one of most favorite sweets in Iran during Ramadan. There are different recipes , in some of them there is not yogurt but using yogurt gives a nice crispy –glassy texture to the zulbia. Among the ingredient for saffron –sugar syrup, there is rose water. If you have no access to Rose water or perhaps you do not like it, you can use orange blossom instead.




  • 1 ½ cups corn flour
  • 1 cup yogurt
  • 1 tbsp oil
  • 2 tbsp plain flour
  • 1/2 tsp baking soda

Ingredients for saffron syrup

  • 1 ½ cup sugar
  • 1 cup water
  • 1 tbsp  saffron water
  • 1/2 cup rose water ( or orange blossom )
  •  2 tbsp lemon/ lime juice


In a large bowl with corn flour, add yogurt and mix well.
Add 1tbsp oil and plain flour. Mix it thoroughly to get a lamp free batter. Cover the batter with plastic wrap and let to rest for an hour.


Meanwhile we prepare saffron sugar syrup. In a pot add water and sugar. Stir until sugar is dissolved. Then add saffron water, rose water and lemon juice. Simmer for about 10 minutes and set aside. If you do not like rose water you can use orange blossom instead.


After an hour, add baking soda to the batter, mix well. Cover it with a plastic wrap and let to rest for 5-10 minutes.

Now you have a thin and runny batter. Pour the batter into a squeeze bottle.


Warm the oil on a high temperature. Now squeeze the bottle in order to pour some of the batter in hot oil. Try to give ring shape to the batter and fry both sides. Then, soak fried zulbia in the WARM sugar syrup for 30 seconds. Place them in a plate and garnishing with chopped pistachio or leave it plain.
Bon appetite.





Persian Halva

Halva means ‘ sweet’ in Arabic language. Halva is a kind of sweet, dense and rich desserts, usually made with plain flour – wheat flour – rice and semolina flour but might be made with vegetables such as carrots or pumpkins as well, mixed with sugar, saffron, rose water, cardamom or cinnamon.


This pleasant dessert in every city and town is prepared differently and garnishing with slivered almonds, shredded coconuts or chopped pistachios.

حلوا 1.JPG
1 cup plain flour
½ cup butter
1 cup water
¼ cup rose water
1 cup white sugar or brown sugar
1tbsp  Saffron (if saffron is not available use 1/4 tsp turmeric)

In a pot with water, add sugar. Combine together and bring it to a boil. Add saffron water or turmeric. Reduce the heat and simmer for 10 minutes , then add rose water. Set aside to cool.


Place a pan on a low heat, and melt the butter. Pour flour into the pan. Stir the flour continuously until it turns into a brown colour. Slowly pour the sugar syrup in the flour- butter mixture and Stir it for 1-2 minutes until thickened.
Serve halva in dish and garnish with almond powder or pistachios and coconut powder.







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Zaban Puff Pastry

Zaban is flaky, crusty, golden Persian sweet pastry. Zaban means tongue in Persian language. These honey sweets are perfect for a treat and super yummy. Shirni-e Zaban is lovely with cup of  coffee or tea.




Zaban puff pastry

Puff pastry
3 tbsp. honey
2 tbsp. rose water
2 tbsp. sugar
Pinch of saffron
Crushed pistachio , sesame seeds or coconut powder



Heat the oven to 200C.
In a bowl, combine the honey with rose water ( or warm water), mix well and set aside.

Unfold puff pastry on your counter. By a sharp cutter, cut the pastry into circle or triangular pieces.

Place the cut out pieces in the baking tray. With a knife make a lengthwise cut in the centre of each piece.
With a brush, lightly brush pastry pieces with honey syrup. Sprinkle each piece with sugar.

Place the baking tray in the oven and let it to bake for 15-20 minutes, until it golden and puffed. Then remove from the oven, let it cool and once again brush top of pastry with honey syrup, sprinkle crushed pistachio or coconut powder top of each piece of pastry.
If you like, mix some cream with saffron and apply for topping.
It is done. Serve it with tea or coffee and enjoy it.ر

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Persian Saffron Rice Pudding ( Sholeh Zard)

Saffron rice pudding is called ‘ Sholeh zard’ in Farsi language. An exotic dessert from Persia.
Name of Sholeh zard describes texture and colour of the dessert. It is an aromatic, delicious and traditional Persian dessert with beautiful golden colour that takes this colour from saffron and garnished with cinnamon, pistachio and almonds.
Sholeh zard usually served during special occasions such as Ramadan.
It is made with white rice, rose water, saffron, sugar, nuts such as pistachios and almonds and spices.
In my childhood, my mother used to cook it in a big pot and then share this delicious and fragrant pudding with our neighbours and family members.


Persian Saffron rice pudding

1 cup rice
9 cups water
1 1/5 cups sugar
¼ cup rose water
3 TBSP saffron water
1 Tsp cardamom
½ cup silvered or flaked almonds
For garnishing
Silvered almonds
Ground Cinnamon


Wash the rice in cold water and drain it. Bring the water to a boil and cook the rice at a medium heat until tender.


It would take about 30 minutes. After half an hour, add sugar to the rice and cook for another 30 minutes until become dense. Stir the rice occasionally.

After 30 minutes, add saffron water, rose water, cardamom and silvered/flaked almonds to the rice.

Gently mix. Leave the rice to cook on low heat for final 20-30 minutes.

Once pudding is ready, garnish with slivered almonds and ground cinnamon and served chilled.