Posted in Nowruz

Iranian New Year ( Nowruz)

Iranian new year is just around the corner. Nowruz is the name of Iranian new year which is first day of the Spring. Nowruz has been celebrated in Iran, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Tajikestan, Afghanistan, Kazaghestan, Georgia, ..
Nowruz is celebration of spring equinox and roots back to ancient religion Zoroastrianism. All Iranian in all over the world celebrate Nowruz, no matter where they are.

Nowruz is the name of Iranian new year which is first day of the Spring. Nowruz has been celebrated in Iran, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Tajikestan, Afghanistan, Kazaghestan, Georgia, ..
In 2010 United nation general Assembly recognized the ‘ international day of Nowruz’.
Nowruz means new day and before arrival of Nowruz, Iranian families start Spring cleaning or ( khoneh tekoni) which literally means shaking the house and it looks like shaking the house, because all family members have to spend day , night to clean up everything and spot of the house.
Few days before Nowruz, you would see men dressed in red with a tambourine in hand, on the streets of Iran. This man is called ‘ Haji Firooz’. His face covered in soot. They are singing and dancing on the streets and trying to cheer people and deliver the news that Nowruz in on the way.

Haji firooz is assistant of Uncle Nowruz, which is parallel to the Santa Clause. Uncle Nowruz is an old man with white beard who brings good luck to people. According to folklore, uncle Nowruz appears annually at the beginning of Spring with his sidekick, Haji firooz.
For Nowruz, we set a table which is called ‘ Haft seen’ or seven S’s. We decorate our table with seven items that start with letter ‘S’ in Farsi language and each item has symbolic meaning.


These seven items are:
Sabzeh ( lentil, wheat or barley growing) is symbol of rebirth
Samanu ( sweet pudding) is symbol of affluence
Sib ( apple) is symbol of beauty
Seer ( garlic) is symbol of medicine
Serkeh (vinegar) is symbol of age – patience
Sumac is symbol of color of sun rise
Senjed ( sliver berry) is symbol of love

Other items that we add to the Haftseen tables includes: the Holy book or a well known poetry book , a mirror, coins, painted eggs, lit candles for each member of family, a bowl of water with gold fish, sweets, nuts and fruits, and flowers.
Iranians start celebration of Nowruz around 21th March, the time of the spring equinox. It does not matter if it is early morning , mid night, noon or after noon. People dress up new clothes, sit around the Haft seen table and wait for the exact moment of the spring arrival. And then family members hugs each other, kisses and gifts exchange.
Then people start visit their family members or friends and neighbours.

Nowruz celebration last 12 days. During this period schools are closed and visiting family members, eating and drinking is main activity. The last day of Nowruz is celebrated on the 13th of Nowruz and as 13 is a bad luck, for this reason people leaving their houses and spending the day in the nature.

So as we say in Farsi: Nowruz mobarak = Happy Nowruz


عید نوروز
جشن نوروز با لحظه ی اعتدال بهاری آغاز می شود. ریشه ی جشن نوروز به دوران باستان و مذهب زرتشتی باز می گردد. ایرانیان در هر نقطه ی جهان که باشند جشن نوروز را بر پا می کنند. نوروز به اولین روز بهار گفته میشود که در ایران – آذربایجان- ازبکستان- تاجیکستان- افغانستان – قزاقستان و گرجستان جشن گرفته میشود.

در سال 2010 مجمع عمومی سازمان ملل متحد ” نوروز را روز بین المللی” اعلام کرد.
قبل از فرارسیدن نوروز – مردم ایران آدابی را انجام می دهند یکی از آنها ” خانه تکانی” نام دارد که تمام اعضای خانواده در تمیز سازی و مرتب نمودن خانه به هم کمک می کنند. چند روز قبل از نوروز – مردانی با لباسی قرمز بر تن در خیابانها ی ایران دیده می شوند که ” حاجی فیروز” نام دارند. این مردان با چهر ه ای که با دوده سیاه شده و یک دایره زنگی در دست در خیابانها با رقص و آواز خبر آمدن بهار را می دهند و مردم را شاد می کنند.
حاجی فیروز دستیار عمو نوروز هست که شبیه سانتا کلوز می باشد. عمو نوروز پیر مردی با ریش سفیداست که اخبار خوش را به مردم می رساند. بر اساس باور عامیانه – عمو نوروز سالی یکبار در شروع فصل بهار همراه با دستیارش حاجی فیروز ظاهر شده و آمدن نوروز را خبر می دهد.
برای نوروز ایرانیان سفره یا میز هفت سین رامی چینند. میزی با هفت عنصر که با حرف ” سین” آغاز میشود و هر به صورت نمادی معنایی دارد.

سبزه نماد برکت
سمنو نماد باروری
سیب نماد زیبایی
سیر نما د درمان
سرکه نماد صبر
سماق نماد نور خورشید در زمان طلوع
سنجد نماد عشق و دلبستگی

دیگر اجزای سفره ی هفت سین شامل کلام الله مجید یا کتاب اشعار حافظ شیرازی – یک آینه – سکه – تخم مرغ رنگی- شمع های روشن به تعداد افراد خانواده – ظرف آب با ماهی – شیرینی – آجیل و گل.
لحظاتی قبل از سال نو اعضای خانواده دور سفره ی هفت سین نشسته و آماده ی لحظه ی تحویل سال می شوند. با شروع سال نو- اعضای خانواده با هم روبوسی کرده – همدیگر را در آغوش گرفته و آرزوی خوشی و خوشبختی بر یکدیگر می کنند. هدیه ها رد و بدل می گردد. سپس دیدو بازدید ها از همان لحظه ی سال نو شروع میشود و فرقی ندارد که سال نو در نیمه شب یا صبح زود – ظهر یا شب بوده باشد.
جشن نوروز 12 روز طول میکشد و مدارس و اداره ها در این مدت تعطیل می باشند. مهم ترین فعالیت های این مدت دیدو بازدید- خوردن و استراحت کردن است. آخرین روز نوروز 13 بدر می باشد و چون بر این باورند که 13 خوش یمن نیست برای این دلیل تمام روز را در طبیعت سپری می کنند.
نوروز فرخنده باد – انشاالله سالی پر از سلامتی و برکت و خوشی برای همه باشه.



Hello everyone, my name is Rozina. I am Iranian with Azerbaijani roots. I was raised in Iran but I am living in Scotland. I am passionate about cooking and preparing meals for my family and friends. I tell them the story behind the meal, the pronunciation of their Iranian name and the spices that used in Persian cuisine. I am an archaeologist, photographer, a cooking teacher, and very interested to introduce Persian and Azerbaijani meals, desserts and beverages to people from different cultures, as I love to try food from all over the world. Iranian cuisine is a combination of rice with meat ( chicken, beef, lamb, fish, turkey), nuts, fruits, dried and fresh herbs and vegetables. Iranian food is a celebration of flavor, colour and spices such as: saffron, cinnamon, cardamom, turmeric, dried rose petals, dried limes, cumin, .... I share my recipes in Farsi/English along with step by step photos of preparation. I take all my own pictures. I have learned my traditional Persian and Azerbaijani recipes from my lovely mother, and she has learned from her mother. Over the years, I have experimented and learned more recipes. Some of my recipes are a fusion Western and Middle Eastern cuisine. Some are forgotten from Persian cooking tables and I try with posting and sharing those ones, to preserve them. All my recipes and pictures are property of rozinaspersiankitchen. I would be pleased if you would mention my site if you wish to use any of them. So, if you are interested to know about Persian /Azerbaijani food taste, you can try my website. I will be glad to hear your ideas about my recipes. :) Thank you for visiting my website.

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